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This course is exploratory and lab oriented so that students can observe first-hand what happens in the physical world. Reproduction, electricity, astronomy, and the atomic theory are all topics covered in this course.


Concepts in life sciences, physical sciences, earth science and space sciences will be explored. Life science topics include the sustainability of ecosystems. Physical sciences examine chemical reactions, radioactivity and motion. Earth and space sciences examine energy transfer in natural systems and plate tectonics. This course has a required provincial exam that counts for 20% of the Final Mark.


At the grade 11 level, students choose between Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Science Technology and Earth Science to satisfy their Science requirements for graduation. Please note recommendations and choose courses according to realistic and attainable future goals.


Recommendation: Minimum 65% in Science 10

Biology 11 is founded on the principals of evolution. This course guides students through the evolution of simplest to most complex organisms. Through the use of labs, the student will study special core topics of microbiology, classification, plant and animal biology. Dissection includes crayfish and frog.


Recommendation: Minimum of 65% in Biology 11

Biology 12 is a challenging, theoretical course in which students study special topics in detail. These topics include biochemistry, gene expression, cell structure and the human organ systems (digestion, circulation, respiration, excretion, reproduction and the nervous system).


Recommendation: “A” or high “B” standing in Biology, or by teacher’s recommendation. This course is designed to prepare the student for university biology. Students who score a 4 or 5 on the AP exam will be given credit for first year biology.

Students will also earn their biology 12 credit in this 8 credit course.


Recommendation: Marks of “67%” or higher in both Science 10 and Math 10 Foundations & Pre-Calculus are strongly recommended

Chemistry 11 is an introductory laboratory course designed to lay a solid foundation for future studies in chemistry. Topics covered include scientific measurement, matter and its changes, atomic structure, chemical equations, the mole concept, stoichiometry, chemical bonding and organic chemistry.


Recommendation: Minimum of “67%” in Chemistry 11

This course will introduce chemistry concepts requiring strong skills in reasoning and mathematics. Due to the challenging nature of the course material students are expected to engage in significant home study. The course is divided into five units of study: reaction rates and mechanisms, equilibrium concepts, solubility, acids and bases, and oxidation-reduction.


Recommendation: Science 10

This course provides an introduction to the areas of Earth Science, Geology, Oceanography, Astronomy and Meteorology. Topics include study of the earth’s surface and interior, oceans and currents, earth, sun, plants, satellites, atmosphere and weather.


Recommendation: Science 10

Science and Technology 11 is course that is designed for students who have struggled with science in the past and who do not plan on going to post-secondary education. The course explores the interactive nature of science, technology and its impact on society. Students will develop critical and responsive attitudes towards emerging issues in our world. Students will be challenged to develop an awareness of their personal values and the need for responsible actions in terms of science and technology. Topics include transportation technologies, communication technologies, medical technologies, architecture, forensics, genetically modified food, and more. Attendance and effort are essential to success in this course.


Recommendation: Minimum of 75% in Math 10 Foundations & Pre-Calculus and Science 10

Topics include mechanics – motion, forces, momentum, energy, graphical analysis, waves and particles, applied optics, special relativity and nuclear physics. Math 11 must be taken concurrently or have been taken in the previous semester.


Recommendation: Minimum of 65% in Physics 11 and Math 11 Pre-Calculus

Physics 12 is especially important for students planning to become a technician, engineer or scientist. Topics include vector kinematics and dynamics, projectile motion, momentum, equilibrium systems, circular motion, gravity, electricity and magnetism. Math 12 should be taken concurrently or have been taken in a previous semester.