# Mathematics

### Calculator Policy

A scientific Calculator is REQUIRED for all students in Math 9, FMP10, WMP 10 and WMP 11.

- Calculator must have D.A.L (i.e. Display characters entered into calculator).

A GRAPHING Calculator is RECOMMENDED for all students in FOM11 (TI-83 PLUS or TI-84 is recommended).

A GRAPHING Calculator is REQUIRED for students in Pre-Calculus 11, Math 12 and Calculus 12, as they will be needing a GRAPHING Calculator for any further mathematics education (TI-83 PLUS or TI-84 is recommended).

The BC Ministry of Education is aiming to enhance the math literacy of students. To help students understand these changes, the new pathways can be viewed as such:

THE GOALS OF ALL THREE PATHWAYS are to provide prerequisite attitudes, knowledge, skills and understandings for specific post-secondary programs or direct entry into the work-force. All three pathways provide students with mathematical understandings and critical thinking skills. It is the choice of topics through which those understandings and skills are developed that varies among pathways. When choosing an appropriate pathway, students should consider their interests, long-term career plans, academic qualifications needed, as well as appropriateness to their current levels of aptitude in mathematics. Math department teachers and counsellors are always ready to advise students on course selection if need be. It is also recommended that students and parents research the admission requirements for post-secondary programs of study as they vary by institution and by year.

### WORKPLACE MATHEMATICS

This pathway is designed to provide students with mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for entry into some trades and for direct entry into the work-force. Topics include algebra, geometry, measurement, number, statistics and probability.

### FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS

This pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies in programs that DO NOT require the study of theoretical calculus. Topics include financial mathematics, geometry, measurement, number, logical reasoning, relations and functions, statistics and probability.

### PRE-CALCULUS

This pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies in programs that require the study of theoretical calculus. Topics include algebra and number, measurement, relations and functions, trigonometry permutations, combinations and binomial theorem.

### Mathematics 9

A scientific calculator is essential for success. Topics covered in this course include number concepts and operations, factoring polynomials, solving equations and word problems, trigonometry, measurement and geometry.

### Workplace Math 10

A scientific calculator (with fraction key) is required. Topics covered in this course include measurement conversions, 2D and 3D measurements, similarity, trigonometry, angle geometry and constructions, consumer decisions, wages and the algebraic manipulations of formulas.

**Prerequisite: Math 9**

*Recommendation based on Math 9 teacher*

*Required for graduation - any Math 10 course meets the Math 10 grad requirement*

### Foundations & Pre-Calculus Math 10

A scientific calculator is required for success. Topics covered in this course include 2D – 3D measurement, trigonometric ratios, number sense, exponent rules, polynomial operations, factoring, relations and functions, coordinate geometry, solving systems of linear equations.

**Prerequisite: Math 9**

*Recommendation: At least C+ in Math 9 OR teacher recommendation*

*Required for graduation - any Math 10 course meets the Math 10 grad requirement*

### Workplace Math 11

This practical course meets the mathematics requirements for graduation. Topics of study include relations and formulas, slope, income and debit, graph analysis and interpretation, measurement, technology, trigonometry. Check with your counsellor to see if this course will meet your post-secondary entrance requirements.

**Prerequisite: Any Math 10 course**

*Recommendation based on Math 10 teacher*

*Required for graduation - any Math 11 course meets the Math 11 grad requirement*

### Foundations of Math 11

This is an academic course that expands on some of the topics studied in Foundations & Pre-Calculus 10. Topics include systems of equations and quadratic functions, logical reasoning, and angle geometry. Check with your counsellor to see if this course will meet your post-secondary entrance requirements.

**Prerequisite: Foundations & Pre-Calculus 10**

*Recommendation: Math 10 teacher recommendation*

*Required for graduation - any Math 11 course meets the Math 11 grad requirement*

### Pre-Calculus 11

This course is designed for students who require a strong mathematical background for future studies in the fields of science, engineering, electronics, computer studies, economics and some business courses. Topics of study include Absolute value, radical and rational equations and expressions, poly-nominal and non- polynomial functions, sequences and series and trigonometry. Check with your counsellor to see if this course will meet your post-secondary entrance requirement

Graphing calculators (TI-83) are required and will be used extensively throughout the course.

**Prerequisite: Foundations & Pre-Calculus 10**

*Recommendation: At least a C+ in Foundations & Pre-Calc Math 10 OR Math 10 teacher recommendation*

*Required for graduation - any Math 11 course meets the Math 11 grad requirement*

### Foundations of Mathematics 12

Please see Mrs. Hirowatari for course content

**Prerequisite: Foundations of Math 11**

*Recommendation: Math 11 teacher recommendation*

### Pre-Calculus 12

Topics covered include transformations, exponents and logarithms, combinatorics and trigonometry. Graphing calculators (TI -83) are required and will be used extensively throughout the course.

**Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus 11**

*Recommendation: At least a B in Pre-Calc Math 11 OR Pre-Calc 11 teacher recommendation*

### Calculus 12

Calculus gives grade 12 students, who are proficient in Algebra, the opportunity to advance their knowledge of mathematics and smooth the transition between secondary school mathematics and university calculus. Calculus 12 is intended for students who have above average skills in algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and analytic geometry. The course consists of college-level treatment of elementary functions, limits, differential calculus, integral calculus, and simple differential equations.

**Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus 12**

*Recommendation: At least a B in Pre-Calc Math 12 OR Pre-Calc 12 teacher recommendation*